UK Citizens of Cypriot origins: Apply for Cyprus citizenship

As a result of the referendum decision in favour of Brexit, UK citizens come across the possibility to have their rights within the European Union, controlled. UK citizens of Cypriot origin may be able to retain their rights as European citizens, by applying for naturalization based on their Cypriot origins, as long as the conditions determined by the relevant laws in Cyprus are met.

It should be noted that dual citizenship is allowed under Cyprus Citizenship law, therefore, the applicants may apply for a Cyprus citizenship and maintain their UK citizenship as well.

  • Minors (Under the age of 18)

A. Application for Consular Birth Certificate

Applications can be submitted for registration of minors or adults (above the age of 18) born abroad after the 16th of August 1960 and whose father at the time of birth was a Cypriot citizen, and individuals born abroad after the 11th of June 1999 whose mother was a Cypriot citizen at the time of their birth.

B. Application for the Registration of Minors 

Minors, who were born before the 11th of June 1999 in Cyprus or abroad and whose mother is a Cypriot citizen and father a foreigner or for minors whose father acquired the Cypriot citizenship after their birth.

The required documents depend on the citizenship status of at least one of their parents at the time of the child’s birth.

  • Adults (Above the age of 18)

A. Adults born before the 16th August 1960:

Individuals born before the 16th of August 1960, who are citizens of the United Kingdom and its former colonies originating from Cyprus, form the male side and reside permanently abroad, are eligible to apply for Cyprus Citizenship.

Furthermore, individuals born before the 16th of August 1960, who are not citizens of the United Kingdom and its former colonies and who originate from Cyprus form the male side, are also eligible to apply.

B. Adults born on the 16th of August 1960 or after:

It can be submitted by adults who were born on the 16th of August 1960 or after and none of their parents at the date of their birth was a Cypriot citizen.

It can also be submitted by adults who were born after the 16th of August 1960 and originate from a person, who became a British citizen based on the Annexation of Cyprus Orders in Council 1914 to 1943 or adults born in Cyprus after the 5th of November 1914 and prior to the 16th of August 1960, during which time their parents were residing in Cyprus.

Furthermore, Individuals of Cypriot origin born before the 16th August 1960 and are British citizens or citizens of any Commonwealth state and have completed one year of legal residence in the Republic of Cyprus are eligible to apply for Cypriot citizenship.

Acquisition of the Cypriot citizenship as a spouse of a Cypriot citizen:
An individual who is married to a Cypriot citizen is eligible to apply for a Cyprus citizenship after completing three years of marriage and two years of residency in the Republic of Cyprus before the date of application.

It worth noting that spouses of overseas Cypriots are also eligible to apply for Cypriot citizenship provided that they have completed at least three years of marriage. Additionally, a letter from the couple explaining the reasons for requesting the grant of the Cypriot citizenship to the foreign spouse needs to be submitted. However, in case the couple has completed at least five years of marriage and has at least one child, then it is not necessary to submit the aforementioned letter.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter and does not constitute legal advice.

For any additional information, please contact us at [email protected] or at +357 22 42 11 90.

Intellectual Property

Procedure and fees with respect to the purchase of property in Cyprus

Cyprus is a great choice whether you are considering to purchase a property for relocation, investment, retirement or as a holiday home.

But what are the general steps of choosing and buying real property  and how to avoid mistakes? Which steps need to be taken to make a successful purchase? The answers to these questions are provided in our below article.

  1. Due diligence: A due diligence check shall be performed in order to confirm the property’s status. It is thus essential that a search at the relevant district land office is conducted to find out whether there are any mortgages, encumbrance or liens on the property that the Purchaser intends to buy. It is also essential to obtain a copy of the certificate of registration of the property and site plans, and check, where applicable, the property’s building and planning permit and any final certificates.
  2. Negotiations and execution of the contract of sale or the assignment agreement: The terms of the contract shall be negotiated and the payment terms and method shall be agreed. The contract or the agreement needs to be then drafted and signed.
  3. Stamping of the contract of sale or the assignment agreement: The contracts must be stamped at the relevant Stamp Duty Commissioner within 30 days of the date of execution otherwise, a fine will be imposed.  The Contract of Sale needs to be deposited to the Land Registry, within six (6) months from the date of signing and the Assignment Agreement within two (2) months from the date of signing.  The law provides that the stamp duty is paid in accordance with the purchase price and on the basis of the following rules:
      • No stamp duty is payable on transactions with consideration of Euro 5,000 or less.
      • If the consideration exceeds the amount of Euro 5,000 but does not exceed the amount of Euro 170,000 the stamp duty of Euro 1,50 for every Euro 1,000 or part thereof is payable.
      • If the consideration exceeds the amount of Euro 170.000 the stamp duty of Euro 2,00 for every Euro 1,000 or part thereof is payable.
  4. Submitting the contract of sale or the assignment agreement with the Land Registry: The contract of sale or the assignment agreement needs to be submitted at the relevant Land Registry and this will effectively safeguard the purchaser(s).According to the Sale of Immovable property (Specific Performance) Law, the purchaser of immovable property may secure the remedy of specific performance and therefore transfer the acquired property into his name by submitting a duly signed and stamped copy of the sale of contract at the land registry within six months from the date of its execution.Once this is done, the purchaser’s rights are protected and it provides additional safeguards by blocking the property and consequently not allowing the seller to resell it. No charges, encumbrances or burdens can affect the right of specific performance after the contract has been deposited at the land registry. In the event that the vendor refuses to transfer the property into the purchaser’s name, the purchaser has the right to apply to the court for specific performance of the terms and conditions of the contract and thus order the transfer of the property into his name.
  5. Application to the Council of Ministers for Non-European Citizens:| In case where the purchaser is a non-European citizen then a specific permission from the Council of Ministers is required to be obtained, before the transfer of the title deeds into the purchaser’s name. This permission is obtained by application to the appropriate district authority and as a general rule, permission is granted to a bona fide applicant, provided that he has no criminal record in his country or in Cyprus and he has the financial means to support himself.
  6. Transfer of title deeds and payment of transfer fees: The final step upon settling the balance of the purchase price is to transfer the title deed into the purchaser’s name. Both parties need to visit the land registry for the transfer of the property and for the registration and issuance of the new title deeds into the purchaser’s name (provided that individual title deeds have been issued and are available).Real estate transfer tax fees shall be settled by the purchaser in order to transfer freehold ownership into his name. It is noted that the purchaser is liable for the tax payment and the amount is payable to the government at the time of the transfer of the property and the issuing of the title deed into the purchaser’s name.Transfer fees are payable by the purchaser on the basis of the market value of the property at the time of purchase as estimated by the land registry on the actual date of the transfer. The purchase price is indicative of the market value at the time of purchase, but it is not conclusive.  Upon transfer of the property and registration in the purchaser’s name, the District Land Registry Office will charge Transfer Fees, which are calculated as follows:
    • 3% on any purchase price up to Euro 85,000,
    • 5% on any purchase price above Euro 85,000 and
    • 8% on any purchase price exceeding Euro 170,000.

    If the contract of sale is under joint names, then the purchase value is divided into two parts and is calculated as above for each part separately and then the total sum is multiplied by two. As a result, when there is more than one purchaser on the contract the total amount of transfer fees payable is reduced as if there was only one purchaser on the contract.

    It is also worth noting that in case where an off-plan property is purchased, the purchaser may have to wait up to 5 years for the title deeds to be issued (sometimes it might take longer). However, the purchaser can still sell the property, even without the title deeds.  The only thing that he cannot do is alter the property in any structural way. However, in order to be able to do that, this right must be included in the original contract of sale.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter and does not constitute legal advice.

For any additional information, please contact us at [email protected] or at +357 22 42 11 90.

General Data Protection Regulation

What is being considered as “personal data” under the General Data Protection Regulation?

According to Article 4(1) of the ‘GDPR’ (General Data Protection Regulation) ‘personal data’ means any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (‘data subject’). 

  1. In order to define when the information will be considered as personal data, the three elements of nature, content and format noted below, would need to be examined.‘Nature’ includes any type of statement about a person, which can be both objective and subjective.  The information does not need to be true in order to be considered as personal data.
  2. ‘Content’ includes any type of information about an individual’s private life and any activity undertaken by them; both professional and public.  It is important to be noted that a person’s contact information at their place of work will be personal data in the same way as their personal telephone number or home address.  Furthermore, information that constitutes an ‘online identifier’, such as an IP address, or the cookie may be used to form a person’s profile and identify them, and therefore be considered as personal data.
  3. ‘Format’ includes information that such available in any form. The GDPR expressly applies to information processed by automated means as well as by manual means if “for part of a filing system”.

The term ‘relating to’ means that for information to be personal data, it must be about an individual.  Information about objects, processes or events may still be personal data provided that certain conditions are met.

For personal data to be about an individual, one of the below features of ‘content’, ‘purpose’ and ‘result’ must apply: 

  1. ‘Content’ refers to information that is about an individual in the most common sense of the word;
  2. ‘Purpose’ refers to information that is being processed to evaluate, consider, and analyse the individual in a specific way;
  3. ‘Result’ refers to when the processing of certain information has an impact on the individual’s rights and interests.

The term ‘identified or identifiable’ refers to when it is possible to be identified.  A person can be identified directly by name or indirectly, namely by an identification number or IP address.  Also, a person can be identified because the information is put together with other pieces of information, to allow the individual to be distinguished from others.

To determine whether means are reasonably likely to be used to identify the individual, account needs put to all objective factors.  These can be for example the cost of and the amount of time required to identify the individual, taking also into account the technology available at the time of processing and any technological developments.  It is worth noting that a hypothetical possibility would be not sufficient to make the individual identifiable.


Special categories of personal data or sensitive data refers to information disclosing “racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, or trade union membership, and the processing of genetic data and biometric data for the purpose of uniquely identifying a natural person, data concerning health or a natural person’s sex life or sexual orientation”.

It is worth to be noted that photographs will only be covered by the definition of biometric data when they processed through specific technical means that allow the unique identification or authentication of an individual as a natural person. Videos can constitute biometric data if specific technical processing relating to the physical, physiological, or behavioural characteristics of a person allowing or confirming the unique identification of that person.


Genetic data refers to personal data relating to – the inherited or acquired genetic characteristics of a natural person which give unique information about his physiology or the health and which result in particular, from an analysis of his biological sample.


It refers to personal data that relate to the past, current or future physical or mental health status of a natural person, including:

  1. Information collected in the course of the registration form, or the provision of, health care services;
  2. Information derived from the testing or examination of a body part or bodily substance, including from genetic data and biological samples;
  3. Any information, for example, a disease, disease risk, disability, medical history, clinical treatment, or the physiological or biomedical state of the data subject (independent of its source) from a physician or other health professional, a hospital, or an in vitro diagnostic test;
  4. A number, symbol or particular assigned to a natural person to uniquely identify them for health purposes.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter and does not constitute legal advice.

For any additional information, please contact us at [email protected] or at +357 22 42 11 90.